Original Title: Clinical Applications Of CytokinesThe driving force for research on cytokines has always been their clinical promise. Their biological properties suggested a key role in hematopoiesis, immunity, tumor genesis, hemostasis, vascularization, repair of connective tissues and integration of the immune system with the neuroendocrine system. Animal studies have shown that cytokines could be used as effective biotherapeutics with easily manageable and reversible toxicities. Clinical trials have confirmed these findings, culminating in the licensing of a number of the cytokines such as interferon alpha, interferon gamma, interleukin 2, erythropoietin, granulocyte colony stimulating factor, and granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor. Many other cytokines are in clinical trials. This is the first comprehensive volume on the cytokines written primarily from a medical perspective. After presenting background information about the structure, production, assays and systemic effects of cytokines and their receptors, it is organized around diseases and organ systems. Infectious diseases, autoimmunity, immunodeficiency states, defective hematopoiesis, allergies, injury repair, cancer, vascular and skin diseases, and neurological disorders are all covered. This work reviews the role that cytokines play in the pathogenesis, diagnosis and therapy of each disease. The authors assess both the current state of the art and the potential for future applications.